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Rapid and Specific Detection of Apple stem grooving virus by Reverse Transcription-recombinase Polymerase Amplification
The Plant Pathology Journal 2018;34:575-579
Published online December 1, 2018
© 2018 The Korean Society of Plant Pathology.

Nam-Yeon Kim1, Jonghee Oh2, Su-Heon Lee2, Hongsup Kim3, Jae Sun Moon4, and Rae-Dong Jeong1,*

1Department of Applied Biology, Institute of Environmentally Friendly Agriculture, Chonnam National University, Gwangju 61185, Korea, 2School of Applied Biosciences, Kyungpook National University, Daegu 98411, Korea, 3Seed Testing & Research Center, Korea Seed & Variety Service, Gimcheon, Korea, 4Plant Genome Research Center, Korea Research Institute of Bioscience & Biotechnology, Daejeon, Korea
Correspondence to: *Corresponding author: Phone) +82-62-530-2075, FAX) +82-62-530-2069, E-mail)
Received June 18, 2018; Revised August 26, 2018; Accepted August 26, 2018.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Apple stem grooving virus (ASGV) is considered to cause the most economically important viral disease in pears in Korea. The current PCR-based methods used to diagnose ASGV are time-consuming in terms of target detection. In this study, a novel assay for specific ASGV detection that is based on reverse transcription-recombinase polymerase amplification is described. This assay has been shown to be reproducible and able to detect as little as 4.7 ng/μl of purified RNA obtained from an ASGV-infected plant. The major advantage of this assay is that the reaction for the target virus is completed in 1 min, and amplification only requires an incubation temperature of 42°C. This assay is a promising alternative method for pear breeding programs or virus-free certification laboratories.

Keywords : Apple stem grooving virus, molecular diagnosis, reverse transcription-recombinase polymerase amplification
Supplementary Information
Fig. 1. Primer position within the coat protein of Apple stem grooving virus (ASGV) and the detection of ASGV by RT-RPA. (A) Clustal W multiple sequence alignment was performed with Bio-edit using the sequence of Korea ASGV isolates with isolates from other countries. Unfilled boxes represent the primer regions used in this study. (B) RT-RPA amplification products of ASGV. M, DNA marker; lane 1, ASGV-infected tissues; lane 2, non-infected tissues control. Five independent reactions were performed, and similar results were obtained.
Fig. 2. Determination of optimal reaction time for ASGV diagnosis using RT-RPA. ASGV was amplified with RT-RPA for different time points and a clear DNA band of the expected size (143 bp) could be visualized by agarose gel electrophoresis. M, DNA marker; lanes 1–7, DNA products from reactions incubated for 1, 3, 5, 10, 15, 20, and 30 min, respectively.
Fig. 3. Sensitivity of RT-RPA. (A) The detection limit of the RT-RPA assay using total RNA isolated from pear leaves infected with ASGV. M, DNA marker; lanes 1–5, serial 10-fold dilutions of RNA (ranging from 47 ng/μl to 4.7 pg/μl). (B) The detection limit of the RT-PCR assay using total RNA isolated from pear leaves infected with ASGV. M, DNA marker; lanes 1–5, serial 10-fold dilution of RNA (ranging from 47 ng/μl to 4.7 pg/μl).
Fig. 4. Specificity of RT-RPA for ASGV. Total RNAs from the ASGV-, ACLSV-, and ASPV-infected tissues were all tested using RT-RPA. M, DNA marker; lane 1, ASGV-infected tissues; lane 2, ACLSV-infected tissues; lane 3, ASPV-infected tissues; lane 4, virus-free tissues; lane 5, no-template virus. Five independent reactions were performed with similar results observed for all five reactions.

Primers used in this study

VirusPrimersPrimer sequences (5′-3′)Size (bp)
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