Plant Pathol J > Volume 21(2); 2005 > Article
The Plant Pathology Journal 2005;21(2):158-163.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5423/PPJ.2005.21.2.158    Published online June 30, 2005.
Virus-induced Gene Silencing as Tool for Functional Genomics in a Glycine max
Rae Dong Jeong, Sung Hyun Hwang, Sung Hwan Kang, Hong Soo Choi, Jin Woo Park, Kook Hyung Kim
Abstract
Virus-induced gene silencing (VIGS) is a recently developed gene transcript suppression technique for characterizing the function of plant genes. However, efficient VIGS has only been studied in a few plant species. In order to extend the application of VIGS, we examined whether a VIGS vector based on TRV would produce recognizable phenotypes in soybean. Here, we report that VIGS using the Tobacco rattle virus (TRV) viral vector can be used in several soybean cultivars employing various agro-inoculation methods including leaf infiltration, spray inoculation, and agrodrench. cDNA fragments of the soybean phytoene desaturase (PDS) was inserted into TRV RNA-2 vector. By agrodrench, we successfully silenced the expression of PDS encoding gene in soybean. The silenced phenotype of PDS was invariably obvious 3 weeks after inoculation with the TRV-based vector. Real-time RT-PCR analyses showed that the endogenous level of GmPDS transcripts was dramatically reduced in the silenced leaf tissues.These observations confirm that the silenced phenotype is closely correlated with the pattern of tissue expression. The TRV-based VIGS using agrodrench can be applied to functional genomics in a soybean plants to study genes involved in a wide range of biological processes. To our knowledge, this is the first high frequency VIGS method in soybean plants.
Key Words: agro-inoculation, agrodrench, soybean, Tobacco rattle virus, VIGS
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