The Plant Pathology Journal 2003;19(2):111-116.
Published online April 30, 2003.
Symptom Variances in Mixed Infections of Six Turnip mosaic virus and One Ribgrass mosaic virus Isolates in Crucifers
Jeom Deog Cho, Hong Soo Choi, Jeong Soo Kim, Kook Hyung Kim, Kyung Soo Kim
Abstract
Turnip mosaic Potyvirus (TuMV) and Ribgrass mosaic Tobamovirus (RMV) are major viruses infecting crucifer crops in Korea. RMV-FG22 was isolated from oriental cabbage. TuMV isolates were TuMV-CA7 from oriental cabbage, TuMV-TU and TuMV-TU2 from turnip, TuMVRA from rape, TuMV-ST from stock, and TuMV-R9 from radish. The six isolates of TuMV were classified by symptom expression in inbred lines of crucifers. TuMVCA7 and TuMV-TU isolates infected mostly oriental cabbages; TuMV-ST, TuMV-TU2, and TuMV-R9 infected radishes; and TuMV-RA infected both oriental cabbages and radishes. Crops used in six combinations of mixed infections were ``Tambok`` cultivar resistant to TuMV, ``SSD63`` susceptible inbred line of oriental cabbage, pure line of leaf mustard, and ``Daeburyungyeorum`` cultivar of radish. External symptoms in ``Tambok`` and radish by each of the six single infections of TuMV showed similar results by bioassay. Synergistic response of necrotic death occurred within 1 week after inoculation in all combinations mixed with TuMV and RMV-FG22 on leaf mustard. In oriental cabbage ``SSD63``, synergism of necrosis occurred in four TuMV isolates, but not in TuMV-ST and TuMV-R9. In oriental cabbage ``Tambok``, synergism was expressed only in two combinations of RMV-FG22+TuMV-CA7 and RMV-FG22+TuMV-TU, but other combinations had the same symptoms produced by RMV-FG22. In radish ``Daeburyungyeorum``, only mild mosaic symptoms were induced by combinations of RMV-FG22+TuMVCA7, RMV-FG22+TuMV-TU, RMV-FG22+TuMVRA, and RMV-FG22+TuMV-R9. Mosaic and severe mosaic were induced in combinations of RMV-FG22 +TuMV-TU2 and RMV-FG22+TuMV-ST, respectively.
Key Words: crucifer, mixed infection, Potyvirus, RMV, synergism, Tobamovirus, TuMV


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