Plant Pathol J > Volume 24(4); 2008 > Article
The Plant Pathology Journal 2008;24(4):453-460.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5423/PPJ.2008.24.4.453    Published online December 31, 2008.
Evaluation of a Fungal Strain, Myrothecium roridum F0252, as a Bioherbicide Agent
Hyang Burm Lee, Jin Cheol Kim, Kyung Sik Hong, Chang Jin Kim
Abstract
In the course of in vitro and in vivo screening for bioherbicidal agents, a hyphomycete fungus, Myrothecium sp. F0252 was selected as a candidate for the biocontrol of weeds. The isolate was identified as Myrothecium roridum Tode ex. Fries based on the morphological characteristics and 18S ribosomal DNA sequence analysis and registered as Myrothecium roridum F0252. In order to evaluate the in vitro effect of M. roridum F0252 on germination of ladino clover and white clover (Trifolium repens L.) seeds, spore solution of the fungus was employed in two concentrations, 6.5×106 and 2.5× 107 spores per mL and then inoculated to the seeds. The fungal spores inhibited the seed germination, infected the seedlings, and caused an abnormal withering and inhibition of seedling growth. In addition, when the herbicidal activity of crude ethyl acetate extract from the liquid culture was assessed on a mini-plant, duckweed (Lemna paucicostata (L.) Hegelm.), the extract showed high inhibitory effect at the level of 12.5 μg per mL. On the other hand, in vivo herbicidal activity of M. roridum F0252 was evaluated by a whole plant spray method. M. roridum F0252 exhibited strong and broadspectrum herbicidal activity. The herbicidal values ranged from 95-100% against 7 weeds, including Abutilon avicennae and Xanthium strumarium, and 70-80% against Digitaria sanguinalis and Sagittaria pygmaea. When the nutritional utilization (95 carbon sources) pattern of M. roridum F0252 was investigated, it varied with water activity (aw) and temperature conditions, supplying good, basic information in regard to nutritional utilization for proper cultivation and formulation. Our results showed that M. roridum F0252 might be used as a potential biocontrol agent against weedy plants.
Key Words: biocontrol agent, bioherbicidal potential, Myrothecium roridum
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