Plant Pathol J > Volume 25(2); 2009 > Article
The Plant Pathology Journal 2009;25(2):128-135.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5423/PPJ.2009.25.2.128    Published online June 30, 2009.
Effects of Temperature and Moisture on the Survival of Colletotrichum acutatum, the Causal Agent of Pepper Anthracnose in Soil and Pepper Fruit Debris
Beum Kwan Kang, Joo Hyeong Kim, Kyeong Hee Lee, Sang Cheol Lim, Jae Jun Ji, Jong Won Lee, Heung Tae Kim
Abstract
The survival of Colletotrichum acutatum was investigated in soil, infected fruits, and infected fruit debris incorporated into soil at several temperatures with different soil moisture levels. Samples were examined at 2-week intervals for 18 weeks to determine the survival of the pathogen based on the number of colony forming unit (CFU) of C. acutatum recovered on a semi-selective medium. C. acutatum conidia survived in both sterile and non-sterile soil at 4 and 10oC for 18 weeks. If infected pepper fruits were completely dried, C. acutatum survived for 18 weeks at temperature from 4 to 20oC. Soil temperature and moisture affected the survival of C. acutatum in infected fruit debris incorporated into soil after air-drying. The effect of soil moisture on survival was weaker at low temperatures than at high temperatures. For up to 16 weeks, conidia were recovered from fruit debris in soil that had been kept at 4 to 20oC and below 6% soil moisture. Conidia were recovered from fields until approximately 6 months after pepper fruits were harvested. Using PCR with species-specific primers and a pathogenicity test, we identified conidia recovered from soil and infected fruit from both the laboratory and field as C. acutatum and as the primary inoculum causing pepper anthracnose.
Key Words: Colletotrichum acutatum, pepper anthracnose, inoculum source, primary inoculum


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