The Plant Pathology Journal 2011;27(3):280-284.
Published online September 30, 2011.
Occurrence of Tropical Race 4 of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense in Indonesia
A. Wibowo, S. Subandiyah, C. Sumardiyono, L. Sulistyowati, P. Taylor, M. Fegan
Abstract
Fusarium wilt of banana caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense is widespread in Indonesia. However, the distribution of tropical race 4 strains has not been well studied. Thirty nine isolates of F. oxysporum f. sp. cubense were collected from Java and 7 isolates were from Sumatera, Bangka, and Kalimantan. All isolates produced volatile odor when grown on steamed rice. These isolates were further tested for their vegetative compatibility with nitM testers of 20 reported vegetative compatibility groups representing strains that belong to race 1, 2, and 4. Three isolates formed heterokaryons with nitM testers belong to race 1, 11 isolates with race 4, and the rest did not form heterokaryons with all nitM testers used. F. oxysporum f. sp. cubense tropical race 4 specific primer pair was used to amplify a 1400 bp fragment of tropical race 4 DNA. Seven isolates (Bnt2, Mln1, Srg1, Bgl3, Bgl6, Lmp1, and Kjg1) produced the 1400 bp amplification product were therefore tropical race 4.
Key Words: F. oxysporum f. sp. cubense, tropical race 4, vegetative compatibility groups


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